MLG is a term originally developed by the EU’s Committee of the Regions (CoR) in 2009. It outlines the European Commission’s aim to ‘build Europe in partnership’ and have an inclusive European decision making process:
Central to this concept, is the recognition that delivering policies, actions and strategies, is more effective when we work together. In its simplest form, MLG means working together across different levels of government, to deliver policies more effectively.
2.1 How can MLG help sustainable energy planning?
Following adoption of the ’20-20-20’ climate and energy package bythe European Commission in 2008 (committing the EU to increase its share of energy consumed from renewable resources to 20%; reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%; and increase energy efficiency by 20% - all by 2020), local and regional authorities were given responsibility for contributing to these objectives by developing their own targets and strategies locally.
Since 2008, more than 5,000 local and regional authorities have committed to adopting Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPs) by signing the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), while others have developed either voluntary or compulsory energy policies or action plans.
With an increase in the number of approaches involving different levels of government, the problem of overall coherence arose. MLG aims to support public authorities to achieve more coherencies between these different approaches.